About the Falcon Birds

Born ; The common name of these predatory bird species of the Falconidae family, which is part of the daytime raptors (Falconiformes) family, is Falcon. Some of its species are also called kestrel. There are about sixty species. The color of the feathers on the back and wings is ashen, the feathers on the abdomen are white, and the chest and sides are full of brown and black stripes. The black color in the chin strip is its most distinctive feature.

The length of the adult male nature is between 42 and 47 cm, and the height of the female births is between 32 and 47 cm. One of the prominent female births is the wing length. Spread wings of females reach 90 cm. Birds in the falcon type fly as if they are in a straight line, just like the air, thanks to their strong and long wings. There are experts who claim that birds of this species are the fastest birds in the world. These birds, which fly at a very high speed while flying, also have special wing structures.

When those born in the fastest flying position in the air start to lock on their prey and start gaining speed, they first increase their speed by flapping their wings up and down, and then when they begin to descend towards the target, they release their wing beating and push their wings back and descend the sky utilitarianly. The aerial image of the falcon species, which is said to reach a speed of 320 km per hour, is compared to supersonic jets.

Among the fallow species, their characteristics are mostly seen in the wild (Palca peregrinus). Thanks to its powerful and compact body, pointed and long wings, they are thrown like bullets in the air at a very high speed from behind the birds, which are their main prey. These breeds, whose feet are very large and strong, are preferred by humans who hunt with falcons, compared to other breeds. For this reason, they were also known as the ‘Noble Doğan’ among the medieval people. The biggest factors in the decline of the bird population are the hunters who hunt them and collect their eggs. As a result of these hunts and collected eggs, the species born was badly damaged.

In Turkey, the absence of any kind and nature types to some extent that there is more known for its scientific name only. One of them is the ‘Falco rusticolus’, the largest and strongest bird of the real-born species. These birds, located at the longitude of the North Pole, do not descend much south even in winter. As with most polar species, the feather color of this falcon species is white. Some of them appear to be white in color or with gray spots, but they usually have white hair. The offspring that hatch after the incubation period also have white feathers similar to them. In the Middle Ages, these birds were very popular with hunters.

In fact, they were included in the travel book written by Marko Polo. In his travel book, Kubilay wrote that there were eagle-like birds, born among them, and a hunter accompanying each bird, feeding ten thousand birds of prey. In his tent, which was placed on the back of four elephants, Hakan gave orders to chase his beloved falcons, cranes and other birds in the air. Those born who caught their prey in the air would defeat and knock them down after long and fierce fighting. It is in Marko Polo’s travel book that he would never tire of watching this combative prey of the birds of the Hakan-born species for hours, on the contrary, he would be very happy.

Lifestyle and Living Spaces

The ones born are birds that love to live on their own and freedom rather than in flocks. Birds of the breed live in Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Australia, Tasmania and some Oceania islands. They live on steep cliffs close to water. They cannot be seen randomly in the regions where they are located, nor can they be seen in flocks. Real-born species do not have nests, they do not build themselves, they find and choose a nest. Those who are born male, who are born on a rock sill and dig a recess, are buried here. They attract female babies to the nest, perform different acrobatic tricks in the air to lay eggs in their nests and convince female babies with these tricks. Sporadic births live on some cliffs in major cities, especially near New York. Born birds of prey, as they cannot find food in winter, go to the city and hunt pigeons. Although they tried and wanted to make nests on the sills of New York’s tall buildings, their efforts were in vain and ended in negativity.

Reproduction of the Born

Those born nest on the edge of steep cliffs and in abandoned burrows. They incubate in trees, on rocks and in hollows found in ruins. Hatching females lay 3 to 5 eggs with reddish brown spots and spots on their shell. The incubation period varies between 28 and 35 days. Females and males are incubated alternately in April. Hatchlings that hatch do not immediately leave the nest. It stays in the nest for 35 days and is fed by its parents.

Nutrition of the Born

Those born with high hunting skills are hunted and fed. This bird with sharp eyesight hunts small reptiles, rodents and birds that they can observe from very high places. The size, characteristics and hunting methods of their prey may differ according to the species. While some species hunt birds of their size or smaller in the sky, others feed on animals such as rabbits, mice, lizards, snakes and insects. Some species keep an eye on the right time to jump on the prey it has caught on the ground, and flaps its wings up and down rapidly, circling the prey in the air.

Types of Born

Some of the falcons, which are a bird of about sixty species, can be listed as follows:

  • Red Necked BornIsland
  • NatureWild Nature
  • Boz Doğan
  • Smoky Dogan
  • African Nature
  • Orange-Breasted Born
  • Dickinson Nature
  • Taita Nature
  • Bullet Dogan
  • Laggar Nature
  • Falconet
  • Spotted Kestrel
  • Little Kestrel
  • Madagascar Kestrel
  • New Zealand Nature
  • Red-Nested Born
  • The Common Nature
  • Mauritian Kestrel
  • Bat Nature
  • Great Kestrel
  • Gyrfalcon
  • East nature
  • American Kestrel
  • Hobby
  • Black Dogan
  • Common Kestrel
  • Ala Doğan
  • Striped Kestrel
  • Fox Kestrel
  • Amur Nature
  • Seychelles Kestrel
  • Boz Kestrel
  • Brown Born
  • Mustache Dogan
  • Ulu Doğan
  • Dwarf Doğan
  • Nature of Bozkor
  • Australian Kestrel

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