interpretations about the Huma bird, the common belief is that it brings happiness and peace to the place where it is placed. According to the legends, it is not possible to see the Huma bird alive. There are even legends stating that the Huma bird, flying too high to be seen, had no feet.
In fact, Huma bird-like figures are present in almost every mythology. The Huma bird is called by this name today, but in the Old Turkish legends the wife of the Huma bird can be considered Umay. Umay is an important God responsible for the peace and happiness of the houses in ancient Turks. Kumay, Humay, etc. in some Turkish dialects. It is also known by names. The origin of the legend will be better understood if the Huma bird brings peace and happiness to where it goes, in the same way that Uma brings peace and happiness to where it goes. Apart from these, the names such as Phoenix (Feniks) in Greek legends, Phoenix in Arabic legends, Tanniao, Rokh, Simurg in various Far East and Front Asian cultures; There are bird figures with the same qualities.
The name Huma bird is accepted as a word of Persian origin, but the explanation above shows that there is an obvious common origin between the word ‘Umay’ and ‘Huma‘. According to another view, the Huma bird is a combination of the Arabic words ‘Hu’ meaning spirit and ‘ma’ meaning water, but this is not a widely accepted view.
Beliefs about the Huma bird in Turkish culture are not limited to bringing peace and happiness. According to beliefs, the person who came across the shadow of the Huma bird would become a sultan, that state would prosper and become stronger. Due to these beliefs, the Huma bird is also known as the ‘godsend’ or ‘bird of fortune’. These terms have also survived until today.
In addition to the effects of the Huma bird on politics, state and belief in Turkish culture, the figure of the Huma bird is frequently encountered in Turkish literature. As can be guessed, it is quite common in the old Turkish culture (with the name Umay of course). Later, the use of this figure as the Huma bird in the Turkish folk poetry after the Seljuks and coming to Anatolia continues. However, in the divan literature developed around the palace with the dominant influence of Arab and Persian literature, the Huma bird figure was partially abandoned, and instead, figures and metaphors in Arab or Persian cultures (rose, nightingale, etc. are the most used patterns).
Even today, the existence of similar stories in many regions of Anatolia and the use of terms such as ‘bird of fortune’ and ‘state bird’, even if not in the name of the Huma bird, show that some of the foundations of the Old Turkish culture, which are completely engraved in our mind, still exist in our culture. Huma bird is one of these basic figures. The figures of the Huma bird found in many Anatolian folk songs (for example: the Huma bird calls from above), the coat of arms of Iranian airlines, and the state coat of arms of Uzbekistan, are the true versions of this legend.