The Raven, also known as the Fair Raven, Karakarga or Kelağ, is a Corvus genus from the corvaceae family,
Its wingspan can reach 1.5 meters. Its large and long beak and lozenge-shaped tail make it stand out while flying. All the hair on the body is black, the under-neck hair is upright. They are settled and mobile birds. Their average length is 64 cm. They lay 3 to 6 eggs. Their incubation period is 12 days, and the flight period of the young birds is 16 days. Their beaks are thick, very strong and black in color. The crowing is in the form of “korrk” while flying, “rrab, klong” for warning. When flying, their tails stand in a wedge shape. They make their simple, brushwood nests on trees or cliffs. They form a herd and choose to be together. They can attack bird species that are stronger than themselves.
Numerous stories can be heard about the intelligence of ravens; because they are thought to be the smartest birds among the corvidae. In addition to their acting and acrobatic skills, their ability to produce solutions to various problems also contributes to this. The fact that they make use of the materials found in nature while solving their problems is a proof of how advanced their intelligence is. Ravens are also known as thieving birds. This is because they carry especially bright white and blue objects to their nests to attract females.
Insects, worms, mussels, fish, plant materials and seeds consume as food. They are common in the Palearctic. They are resident birds that can be found anywhere in Turkey. They live in heathlands, mostly forested, mountainous areas and places where animals are raised. In shamanism, which is the traditional belief of the Hayda and Tlingit Indians and Yupik and Inyupik Eskimos in the state of Alaska in the USA, humans were created by the raven.
According to legend, after Noah’s Ark sat on Mount Ararat, Noah first sent a raven, the bird flew away in circles and did not come back. This time Noah sent a dove, and he returned to the ark because he could not find a place to roost. Another pigeon he sent seven days later came with an olive branch in its beak. At first, the raven, which was white in color, was cursed for not returning and turned black. According to an English legend, the magpie is the hybrid of the first pigeon and raven sent by Noah, and therefore its feathers are black and white.
Raven showed Adam and Eve how to perform the first burial. When Abel dies, they don’t know what to do. At that time, a raven kills someone of his own kind, then digs a hole in the ground and bury the body, whereupon they imitate him in Adam and Eve and bury their sons.
In Old Turkish, the word kuz is used for dark, shady places. We can see the lamb root in most of the dark, dark places. For example, the word north is one of them. Likewise, the Black Sea, not because he is black color, which is also the name for taşır.kuzg the land north of Turkey, the color of the feathers has received this name because he is black